Hydrogen is the most promising and environmentally friendly fuel to power the future. Today, it is practically become an axiom. Hydrogen power makes it possible to avoid dependence on traditional fuels (oil, gas, coal), which is now very important for Ukraine. In many countries, research and development in hydrogen energy are priorities for science and production.
One of the key problems of hydrogen power is a reliable and efficient fuel cells running on hydrogen and hydrogenous raw materials. Hydrogen as a carrier of high quality and environmentally friendly type of energy pointed in the world, mainly due to developments in fuel cells and in dealing with environmental problems including climate change.
Carbon materials have unique electrical, electrical, physical, chemical and structural properties are characterized by high stability in harsh environments, making them virtually no commute for use in fuel cells. Carbon materials can be used in fuel cells as electrocatalysts, media catalytically active metal bipolar plates and gas-diffusion layers, membranes, etc. Carbon materials are potential means of storing hydrogen.
Traditional forms of carbon, which is quite long been used in fuel cells, are graphite, carbon black, active carbon and composites based on them. However, the development of nanotechnology in recent years, particularly advances in the available methods of obtaining carbon nanotube, aerogel other new nanoscale and nanostructured materials has given additional impetus to the wide application of carbon materials in hydrogen energy.
Among the new forms of carbon carriers can provide high dispersion and large surface of the catalytically active metals, carbon materials of interest received by carbonization of polymers.
Keywords: nanocarbon material, template synthesis, electrocatalyst, X-ray scattering, metal's nanoclusters, catalytic activity