The possibilities of designing, manufacturing and using for the needs of hydrogen power engineering new carboniferous composite materials with metastable ordered / disordered porous structure and adsorbents based on pyrophoric metals are shown.
A model of a hydrogen-storing system has been created, which is a solid-state layer structure with developed surface and internal voids. One of the ways of achieving a high efficiency of the model is based on the fact that the metal plates of the structure are previously electrochemically modified in an electrolyte and rolled into a roll. The space between the layers of the structure is filled with dispersions of carbon-metal composites or carbon materials.
The results of the adsorption bonding of hydrogen in the basic variants of the model system at room temperature and a H2 pressure of 50 atm are: 2.5 wt % Н2/g of C-Co powder in the first cycle, 1 wt % Н2/g of C-Co powder in the third cycle.
To finally refine the model system, it is necessary to select the optimal filler and to ascertain the possibilities of the electrochemical activation of hydrogen adsorption / desorption processes.