The project is devoted to creation of hydrocavitational technology of hydrogen generation for hydrocarbons hydrogenation processes realization. Due to the cavitation influence on “water-hydrocarbon” systems the hydrogen generation and then hydrogenation of hydrocarbons are possible with the use of low energy sources by comparison with other technologies.Also, the cavitational influence is provide the high quality emulsions und slurries creation with use of different wastes, biomass, ill-conditioned hydrocarbons possibility. Because of hydrogenation processes of these fuels the technical and economical indices are increased. This fact allows to composite fuels use at different energy plants.
In the project the theoretical foundations of hydrogen generation by high-intensive microvortex and pulsation cavitational fields influence on water molecules in water containing emulsions and slurries and are developed. The mathematical and computing modeling of hydrodynamic processes at the parts of hydrocavitation activators is carried out.. These investigations allowed to create the effective cavitation devices and the experimental plant for cavitation processes study.
Experimental investigation in hydrocavitational influence on different mixtures combination with the use of oil, black oil, diesel, petrol, coal and water have been carried out. It is proved that cavitation treatment of emulsion “hydrocarbon-water” provide the microcracking of hydrocarbon molecules and the partial ionization and dissociation of water with hydrogen generation and following hydrogenation processes of heavy hydrocarbons fraction are possible.
Experimental investigation of hydrocavitational hydrogenation processes of hydrocarbons with biomass addition. The boiler fuels with hydrofuze and G-phase adittion are created.The dependencies of efficiency indices of hydrocavitation rotaty devises working of the tangential velocity component of working elements rotation are obtained. The best indices of hydrogenation processes of heavy hydrocarbons are achieved at velocity range – 60-70 m/s.
The results of experimental investigations were carried out to confirm the theoretical foundation correctness of hydrogen generation in hydrocavitational activation processes of hydrocarbon emulsions and slurries. This effect can be effective used at composition fuels production, atomization and combustion technology. These fuels can be made from ill-conditioned hydrocarbons with biomass, peat, G-fase, coal and other renewable sources addition.
Keywords: hydrocavitational technology, hydrogenation, composite fuels, activation