The possibility of an intensification of processes of electrochemical hydrogen extraction from water solutions using of electrodes with nanostructured surfaces (carbon nanotubes, carbon and metal massive electrodes with nanoparticles of metals on their surfaces, etc.) was shown;
The physical and chemical bases of new electrochemical processes of hydrogen production from hydrogen sulfide with simultaneous synthesis of such valuable organic products, as thiols and disulfides were developed;
Scientific bases of new ways of СО2 recycling, which formed in the processes of hydrogen extraction by conversion of methane, coal, bioethanol and other hydrocarbon raw materials, in commercially important products (amino acids, α-oxocarboxylic acids, etc.) were created.
Keywords: hydrogen, electrochemical processes, nanostructured electrodes, electrochemical activation, hydrogen sulfide, dioxide of carbon.