Objects of research - metal-oxide structured catalytic compositions Ni-MxOy/Al2O3, CuO-ZnO-MxOy)/Al2O3 (MxOy: La2O3, CeO2, NiO), supported on ceramic monolithic matrices (cordierite); composites based on yttrium- and scandium-stabilized zirconium dioxide doped with СеО2, and transition metal (Cu, Co, Ni) oxides; steam, carbon dioxide conversion and partial oxidation of methane to synthesis-gas; oxygen, steam conversion, decomposition of methanol producing hydrogen.
The project is directed at creation of novel structured catalysts for processes of conversion of methane and methanol with production of hydrogen (syngas), including prototypes of anode materials of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) for direct oxidation of hydrocarbon fuel. Defining the character of relationship between physico-chemical parameters of the structured composites and their catalytic properties concerning the aforementioned processes of hydrogen technology, selectivity of reactions, influence of catalytic "poisons", carbonization of the catalysts and their regeneration are in focus.
Research methods - a complex of modern techniques for studying the catalysts and catalytic reactions - a kinetic method, IR-spectroscopy, XRD, XPS, PEM, SEM, ТPR, ТPD, ТPSR.
As a result of fulfilment of the project, active, selective Ni-MxOy/Al2O3, Cu-ZnO-MxOy/Al2O3 (MxOy: La2O3, CeO2, NiO) catalysts supported on structured ceramic matrices (cordierite); Ni-containing-Sc (Ce)-stabilized ZrO2-based composites for reforming of methane and methanol (oxygen, steam, carbon dioxide conversion, decomposition) producing hydrogen (syngas, including with needed Н2/СО ratio) are developed. Character of influence of catalytic components - modifying additives/dopants of alkali, rare earth elements, nickel oxides; platinum metals - on selectivity, yield with respect to target products (hydrogen, syngas) - is defined.
Keywords: structured alumonickel, copper-zinc-oxide catalysts, the stabilized dioxide of zirconium; steam, carbon dioxide conversion, partial oxidation of methane; oxygen conversion, methanol decomposition