Founded on November 29, 1985. Since then, the Institute has been headed by Prof. L. M. Lytvynenko, NAS academician.
Its main lines of research activities are:
- radioastronomy of the Universe;
- remote sensing of geospace and Solar system;
- physical principles of constructing radio telescopes and radio systems of remote sensing.
The Institute holds a leading position worldwide in low-frequency radioastronomy. Owing to the UTR-2 radiotelescope with the record-making sensitivity and angular resolution, and the unique URAN interferometer system – both created on the initiative and under guidance of Prof. S. Y. Braude, NAS academician, – a large volume of priority research results of the international level was obtained. In the millimeter wavelengths, peculiarities in radiation of space masers on a methanol molecule were detected in galactic molecular clouds with regions of stars formation. Employing Ukrainian radio telescopes has enabled a fruitful international collaboration with leading radio astronomy institutions of Russia, Austria, France, the Netherlands, USA, India, China. The method of radio-interferometry location of near-space objects (planets, asteroids, space debris) has been developed.
Alongside with those fundamental studies, the Institute conducts applied ones and innovative activities; it also develops devices and radio systems for various applications in decameter, microwave, millimeter and sub-millimeter wavelengths.
In the recent years, the Institute has developed and produced several types of state-of-the-art ground- and air-based radar systems to investigate the Earth’s surface and geospace.
The antenna dipoles of the first part of low frequency telescope of new generation -the giant Ukrainian radio telescope