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Institute of Physics
V. Ye. Lashkaryov Institute of Semiconductor Physics
G. V. Kurdyumov Institute for Metal Physics
M. M. Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics
Main Astronomical Observatory
Crimean Laser Observatory within Main Astronomical Observatory
Institute of Magnetism under NAS and MES of Ukraine
Institute of Applied Problems of Physics and Biophysics
International Center ‘Institute of Applied Optics’
B. I. Verkin Institute for Low Temperature Physics and Engineering
O. Ya. Usikov Institute for Radio Physics and Electronics
Institute of Radio Astronomy
Institute of Ionosphere under NAS and MES of Ukraine
Donetsk O. O. Galkin Institute of Physics and Engineering
Institute for Physics of Mining Processes
Institute for Condensed Matter Physics
Institute of Electron Physics
‘Reactivelectron’ R&D Center
A. I. Kalmykov Center for Radio Physical Sensing of the Earth under NAS and NSA of Ukraine
Main Astronomical Observatory 
 
27 Acad. Zabolotnoho St., 03680, Kyiv, Ukraine
Phone: (044) 526 3110; fax: (044) 526 2147
Е-mail:director@mao.kiev.ua
http://www.mao.kiev.ua
 Director
Yaroslav S. Yatskiv,
NAS academician

Founded on July 17, 1944 on the initiative of academician O. Ya. Orlov.

It does research along the following lines:

- positional astronomy and space geodynamics;

- physics of the Sun and solar system bodies;

- physics and evolution of stars and galaxies;

- space plasma physics;

- atmospheric optics;

- astronomical and space instrument-making;

- automation of the processes of astronomical observations and data reducing.

Major achievements and developments:

the Atlas of the Far Side of the Moon has been produced on the basis of ‘Zond-3’ spacecraft data; the FONAK star catalogue has been compiled; the world’s first spectral, photometric and polarimetric devices have been constructed and used to determine physical properties of the atmospheres of Mars, Jupiter and Saturn; academician E. P. Fedorov has proposed the world’s first nutation theory for the model of the absolutely elastic Earth and determined the nutation parameters from observational data; a population of photometric comet models and a physical theory of cometary nuclei have been developed; an automatic telescope-computer complex for the study of the Fraunhofer spectrum of the Sun has been built and enabled researchers to obtain oscillator strengths for about 2000 lines of 49 chemical elements for the first time; the SBS 0335-052 blue compact galaxy with the record-making deficit of heavy elements has been discovered; some unique procedures and software have been developed both for observations of space and astronomical objects and for reducing observational data; a technology for producing multilayer achromatic and superachromatic phase-retarding plates has been developed.

   
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