Set up on January 1, 1929, on the base of the research department of Kyiv Polytechnical Institute, by Acad. of AS UkrSSR O. Goldman. He became Institute’s first director and headed it from 1929 to 1938.
Basic and applied research is carried out in the following areas:
- condensed matter physics, including soft substance physics;
- nanophysics and nanoelectronics;
- physics of lasers, nonlinear and singular optics, holography;
- physics of surface, emission and plasma electronics.
Scientists of the Institute have made considerable and sometimes decisive contribution to the development of many trends of present-day physics. Among them were fundamental studies in solid state physics and liquid crystal physics, semiconductor physics, nonlinear optics, physical and quantum electronics, plasma physics and physics of ion beams. The importance of Institute’s research achievements is demonstrated by the fact that it officially registered the largest number of scientific discoveries in Ukraine.
Successful research and its ever larger scale resulted in establishing numerous research subdivisions and organizations on their basis. They were the Institute of Semiconductor Physics of AS UkrSSR, the Institute of Theoretical Physics of AS UkrSSR, the Institute for Nuclear Research of AS UkrSSR, and NAS Institute of Applied Optics.
Institute’s developments that have been introduced to practice include metal cryostats and systems of precision temperature control for cryosystems, ballometers and photocells, cryosurgical instruments and an electrical topographer, that was used in space research, pyroreceivers and energy-efficient devices based on them, lasers, laser and plasma technologies.
Among the latest developments there has been a laser micromarking complex for precision processing of superhard materials, a unique device for plasma sterilization of substances and medical instruments (plasma sterilizer), and a device for remote measuring of the temperature of box joints, intended for better safety of railroad transport.
At NAS Institute of Physics, five scientific schools were established and have been successfully working in fundamental science. Institute’s researchers have published over 120 monographs that cover all research areas developed at the Institute. The majority of the monographs have become classical.
In 1979, for considerable progress in physics, Verkhovna Rada of UkrSSR honoured the Institute with the Order of Labour Red Banner.
Taking into account the role of NAS Institute of Physics in the progress of science and technology in Ukraine and the unique nature of its main building, the Institute has been recognized a memento of architecture, history and art in 1998.
The main building of the Institute of Physics of NAS of Ukraine
Scientists are working