The Institute was founded on April 17, 1991 on the base of the Carpathian Department of the Ukrainian Research Institute for Forestry and Forest Melioration and Carpathian Forestry Research Station.
Its main lines of research activities are: scientific substantiation for multipurpose forest utilization and for forest resources restocking; increasing mountain forests capability; improving their protective effectiveness and resistance; development of logging techniques with account of actual ecology and economy factors; nature protection and improvement of forest recreative functions; hunting management; forest monitoring management and development of methods to prevent negative anthropogenic impacts.
Research objects of the Institue are forest ecosystems in the Ukrainian Carpathians and adjacent territories.
Main achievements and results:
- Forest genetics: plans of management of seed plots and nurseries for main forest species on the genetic and selection base; program to introduce tree plants. Genetic potential and diversity for regional forests was studied.
- Forest plantations: main regulations for forest seed management; technologies for setting up fruit-tree and clone seed plantations; zoning of forest plantations in the region; forest plantation projects and technologies for the main forest types, categories and regions.
- Forest protection: integrated measures for preventing and reducing root rots in coniferous forests and for controlling plant pests and diseases in deciduous forests; pheromone technologies to control bark beetles in the Norway spruce stands. Main results are implemented in Forest Sanitary Rules of Ukraine.
- Forest hunting: rules for monitoring wild hoofed animals; rules for hunting areas valuation; biotechnical actions for various hunting enterprises; rules for selective sampling of wild hoofed animals.
- Forestry: impacts of main felling with different methods were studied. Peculiarities of tending felling and thinning for different forest types were estimated. The effect of mountain forests on the hydrological regime of mountain landscapes and its changes under forestry practices were studied. Optimal proportions of forests for various vertical zones and landscapes were determined. Forestry systems for different categories of forests were proposed.
- Forest utilization: impacts of logging techniques on forest ecosystems were estimated. Applied studies on forest road optimization and on wood waste utilization for energy production were done.
Forest ecology: digital maps of forest dechromation, decoloration and damages; digital maps of forests pollution with heavy metals and radionuclides; principles of natural development for virgin forests; rules for forest use in recreation; rules for agro-landscape optimization; scientific principles for sustainable forest use; scientific principles of the close-to- nature forestry. All research results are used in preparing normative forestry documents.