Founded on January 11, 1991.
Main research lines of the Institute are:
- theory of selective sorption and scientific fundamentals of the synthesis of sorbents with predetemined properties;
- efferent therapy of environmentally induced diseases (endoecology) and development of sorption-based methods and technologies for medicine;
- specialized sorbents for environment protection and for isolation, separation, concentration and high purification of substances;
- developing theoretical fundamentals and designing catalysts and catalytic processes involving inorganic and carbon materials.
Major achievements and developments:
Theoretical validation and experimental evidence has been provided for newly developed synthetic activated carbon as a novel type of carbon sorbent. A mechanism has been proposed to account for heteroatom effect on physico-chemical and electro-chemical properties of such materials. A manufacturing process has been developed to produce a number of medical carbon hemo- and enterosorbents which detoxify human organism in a variety of diseases and pathological states (e.g., environmentally induced pathologies), prevent the accumulation of heavy metals and radionuclides in the body and enable their rapid excretion.
A concept of competing ions has been proposed and experimentally proved; as a result, a novel sol-gel technology has been developed to fabricate spherically granulated inorganic sorbents and catalysts with controlled surface porosity and chemistry. Mechanisms have been determined both for selective sorption of ionic forms of heavy metals and radionuclides, and for reductive sorption of noble metals and their nanoclustering in the surface layer.
Relying on selective inorganic and granulated oxidized-carbon sorbents, high-purification technologies have been produced to remove undesirable impurities and environmentally hazardous pollutants from processing liquids and gases, drinking water and environment.
A number of oxide and oxide-carbon catalysts have been developed for partial oxidation of methane and higher paraffins, hydrogen sulfide, carbon monoxide etc.; environment-friendly catalytic processes have been proposed. Efficient solid acid/base catalysts for proton/hydroxyl transfer reactions have been designed; they have been found promising in the alternative synthesis of high-octane C8 hydrocarbons and biodiesel.