Set up on November 6, 1927.
Principal research lines of the Institute are:
- theory of chemical structure, kinetics and reactivity;
- adsorption and adsorbents;
- high-energy chemistry;
- physico-inorganic chemistry.
The Institute is a leading center in chemical science, where world-famous scientific schools have originated. The Institute’s research into fundamental problems of catalysis, isotope chemistry, chemistry of free radicals and mechanisms of chemical reactions, adsorption and adsorbents, physical chemistry of coordination compounds, photochemistry have won general recognition and well-deserved acknowledgement both in Ukraine and abroad.
The pioneering works of Institute's founder academician L. V. Pisarzhevskiy in electronic theory are well known, they became the basis for present-day electronic concepts concerning various chemical phenomena and processes. Due to the works of academician O. I. Brodskiy, the Institute was the first in the USSR to produce ‘heavy water’, which was necessary for implementing the atomic project in the USSR; concentrated heavy oxygen and nitrogen isotopes were isolated. Professor V. M. Polyakov discovered the phenomenon of heterogeneous-homogeneous catalysis, which formed the basis of many industrial catalytic processes; professor I. O. Neymark was the first in the USSR to prepare synthetic zeolites. The studies of academician V. A. Royter in the field of heterogeneous catalysis macrokinetics, works of academician K. B. Yatsimirskiy in physico-inorganic chemistry, investigations of professor B. Ya. Dayin into the mechanism of electron phototransfer, as well as the works of many other leading scientists of the Institute, who discovered a number of new effects and phenomena of great importance for various fields of physical chemistry, made a significant contribution to the treasury of the world science.
Recently, physico-chemical fundamentals of design and directed synthesis of nano-structured materials and nanocomposites with desired electroconductive, luminescent, magnetic, catalytic, sorptive and photocatalytic properties have been developed and prospects of their application outlined.
Many developments of the Institute are widely used in various spheres: in chemical and petrochemical industry, aircraft and space industry, shipbuilding and mechanical engineering, agriculture, medicine etc. In particular, they involve novel efficient catalysts and technologies for producing various important compounds, new catalytic methods for decontamination of harmful exhaust gas emissions, new generations of photosensitive materials and information-registration methods, efficient sorbents, novel chemical power sources, methods and means for non-destructive control of large-sized industrial products, technologies of radiation&chemical modification of polymers etc.